Incremental Ensemble Learning for The Combination of Multiple Models of Locally Weighted Regression Using Genetic Algorithm


KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 9, pp. 351-360, Sep. 2018
10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.9.351, Full Text:
Keywords: Locally Weighted Regression, Multi Model Selection, Incremental Ensemble Learning, genetic algorithm
Abstract

The LWR (Locally Weighted Regression) model, which is traditionally a lazy learning model, is designed to obtain the solution of the prediction according to the input variable, the query point, and it is a kind of the regression equation in the short interval obtained as a result of the learning that gives a higher weight value closer to the query point. We study on an incremental ensemble learning approach for LWR, a form of lazy learning and memory-based learning. The proposed incremental ensemble learning method of LWR is to sequentially generate and integrate LWR models over time using a genetic algorithm to obtain a solution of a specific query point. The weaknesses of existing LWR models are that multiple LWR models can be generated based on the indicator function and data sample selection, and the quality of the predictions can also vary depending on this model. However, no research has been conducted to solve the problem of selection or combination of multiple LWR models. In this study, after generating the initial LWR model according to the indicator function and the sample data set, we iterate evolution learning process to obtain the proper indicator function and assess the LWR models applied to the other sample data sets to overcome the data set bias. We adopt Eager learning method to generate and store LWR model gradually when data is generated for all sections. In order to obtain a prediction solution at a specific point in time, an LWR model is generated based on newly generated data within a predetermined interval and then combined with existing LWR models in a section using a genetic algorithm. The proposed method shows better results than the method of selecting multiple LWR models using the simple average method. The results of this study are compared with the predicted results using multiple regression analysis by applying the real data such as the amount of traffic per hour in a specific area and hourly sales of a resting place of the highway, etc.


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Cite this article
[IEEE Style]
K. S. Hun, C. B. Hee and L. G. Ho, "Incremental Ensemble Learning for The Combination of Multiple Models of Locally Weighted Regression Using Genetic Algorithm," KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 351-360, 2018. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.9.351.

[ACM Style]
Kim Sang Hun, Chung Byung Hee, and Lee Gun Ho. 2018. Incremental Ensemble Learning for The Combination of Multiple Models of Locally Weighted Regression Using Genetic Algorithm. KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, 7, 9, (2018), 351-360. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.9.351.